Stomach Pain; Causes and Emergency Aids

stomach pain
Young woman holding her stomach in pain lying on a bed.

I was in the church in one of these days when I receive a call from one of the patients who visits our medical facility. She asked a question with up-most level of distress. She said “Please what could cause stomach aches because I’m in serious pains right now”. I had to calm her down and refer her for proper evaluation.

There are so many reasons why we develop stomach pains and discomfort especially as there has been a rise in the number of cases of this condition and other related.

Stomach or abdominal pain is a cramp, dull, achy, intermittent or sharp sensation between the chest and pelvic region.

Organs in the abdomen and basic causes of stomach pains

Intestines

Appendix

Kidney

Stomach

Spleen

Gall bladder

Liver

Pancreas

Therefore any inflammation at any of these areas can lead to stomach pain. It should also be noted that inflammation can be caused by viral, bacteria or parasitic infection that affect any of these parts in the abdominal region. Abnormal growth, obstruction or any other intestinal disorder could also affect the organs.

Another avenue is when infection develops in the throat and intestines, the blood carries bacteria into the digestive tracts resulting in stomach ache.

Conditions that can lead to abdominal pain

Vomiting

Kidney

Gastroenteritis

Diarrhea

Constipation

Acid reflux

Stress

Irritable bowel symptoms

Gastro esophageal reflux

Lactose intolerance

Endometriosis

Hernia

Other conditions that cause severe abdominal pain

Organs rupture or near rupture

Kidney infection

Kidney stones

Gall bladder stones

Food allergies

Appendicitis

Urinary tract infections

Signs that your abdominal pain requires serious concern

Fever

Dehydration

The abdomen is tender to touch

The pain is as a result of any injury to the abdomen

Pains last for more than few hours

Inability to pass stool, especially when vomiting

How is abdominal pain determined?

Your health provider will perform several physical test on you to determine the cause of the pain. Popular tests include Urine test, blood tests, swallows or enemas, endoscopy, xrays, ultrasounds or CT scans.

First aid for abdominal pains

  1. Drink water or other clear fluids.
  2. Avoid solid food for the first few hours. If you have been vomiting, wait 6 hours. Then eat small amounts of mild foods such as rice, applesauce, or crackers.
  3. If the pain is high up in your abdomen and occurs after meals, antacids may provide some relief, especially if you feel heartburn or indigestion. Avoid citrus, high-fat foods, fried or greasy foods, tomato products, caffeine and alcohol, because they may make the pain worse.
  4. Place a hot water bottle or heated wheat bag on your abdomen.
  5. Soak in a warm bath. Take care not to scald yourself.
  6. Get plenty of rest.
  7. If you have stomach ache drink a glass of milk, because it will neutralize the acid in your stomach.
  8. Sometimes the abdominal pain is plainly caused by an accumulation of gas in the intestinal tract. When that is the case, the easy and immediate remedy is to drink a gas of soda, or aerated drink. The soda helps to bring out the accumulated gas, turning so in an immediate cure for abdominal pain.
  9. You may also try H2 blockers (Tagamet, Pepcid, or Zantac) available over the counter.
  10. If any of these medicines worsen your pain, CALL your doctor right away.
  11. AVOID aspirin, ibuprofen or other anti-inflammatory medications, and narcotic pain medications unless your health care provider prescribes them. If you know that your pain is not related to your liver, you can try acetaminophen (Tylenol).
  12. If you suffer from PMS (premenstrual syndrome) take immediately a pain killer, you can put your feet in hot water. That would help, too.

Good health is your biggest wealth; let your mind be always on it. Do not because of material things live a careless life.

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See you next week as I take you through various disease conditions that commonly affect the abdomen.

References

  1. Abdominal pain: Healthline, www.healthline.com
  2. Causes of abdominal pains: Webmd www.webmd.com
  3. Abdominal pains: NHIS choices, your health www.nhs.uk
  4. Abdominal pain; First aid tips: Medglobe www.medglobe.blogspot.com.ng

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