Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition caused by a hyperactive immune system. The Symptoms include flaking, inflammation, and thick, white, silvery, or red spots of the skin. Psoriasis treatments include steroid creams, occlusion, light therapy and oral medications, such as biologic.
“Both black and white skin is at stake”
This is a skin disease that could be seen in both black and white skin people. It is one of the diseases in the world that brings about stigma to patients suffering from it making social interaction difficult. The finger is one part of the body that is most prominent therefore affecting one’s image.
Most psoriasis causes patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. These patches can itch or feel sore. They are often found on the elbows, knees, other parts of the legs, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of the feet. But they can show up other places such as fingernails, toenails, genitals, and inside the mouth.
Types of Psoriasis
There are various types of psoriasis depending on the appearance and distribution. They include;
• Plaque psoriasis
• Nail psoriasis
• Scalp psoriasis
• Guttate psoriasis
• Inverse psoriasis
• Pustular psoriasis
• Erythrodermic psoriasis
• Psoriatic arthritis
Psoriasis is often diagnosed by a competent professional or experienced professional. It is concluded based on the physical appearance and distribution. Occasionally a part of the skin could be removed and examined by pathologist. If there is any joint implication, X-rays and other laboratory test could be carried.
Psoriasis – Cause
The main causes of psoriasis is not actually known. Doctors believe that the immune system overreacts, leading to inflammation and flaking of skin. A number of scientists believe that psoriasis often is inherited. About one-third of individuals who has psoriasis have at least one members of the family with the condition. However it is not really clear that genetic factors alone ascertain whether you get psoriasis. Psoriasis is not contagious-it cannot be spread by touch from person to person. Below are other possible causes of Psoriasis
It could be caused by;
• Alcohol consumption
• Changes in weather that dries the skin
• Streptococcal throat infection
• Trauma to the skin
Symptoms of Psoriasis
1. It varies from person to person as well as the colour of the skin.
2. Basic symptoms include;
3. Red patches of skin covered with silvery scales.
4. Small scaling spots
5. Swollen and stiff joint
6. Itching, burning or soreness
Treatment of Psoriasis
In medical management, because it affects the skin, topical medication are applied in form of creams, lotions, shampoos, gels, and ointments. They include topical steroids and calcium modulating drugs and in cases where about 10% of the body is affected, other treatment module could be applied.
Oral medication could also be employed to control psoriasis. It depends on the choice of bio-availability and convenience for the patient. They riskier than topical, they act by targeting the immune system.
“Home Techniques for Curing in psoriasis Skin Disease”
- Always moisturize your skin. A dry skin ordinarily could bleed, crack and become infected.
- Another benefit the skin is that it reduces inflammation and maintains flexibility and help keep psoriasis from getting worse. Some medical researchers have identified Aloe-Vera as a natural remedy for psoriasis.
- Consult a doctor or pharmacist before using some drugs before using some drugs. Drugs include beta blockers (such as Inderal) and Lithium, they worsen psoriasis.
- Choose soap carefully: harsh soap can irritate the skin, so go for mild soap especially ‘’super fatted’’ soaps that contain moisturizers.
- Avoid injuring your skin. Mild injury such as sunburn, scratches and irritation from tight clothing can cause or worsen psoriasis. Dermatologist call these process triggers ‘’ the Koebner’s Phenomenon’’.
- Reduce your weight. Obesity or overweight makes psoriasis uncomfortable and difficult to control. The skin is the largest organ outside the body; it must be well nurtured to avoid any alteration especially when connected to the immune system.