http://www.healthline.com/health/bacteria#Overview1Have you always being tempted to take that antibiotic on your own, without a doctor’s prescription? Do you think an antibiotic will cure any type of infection you have? Do you skip or miss out on your doses? Here are some things you need to know about an antibiotic.
An antibiotic is given for the treatment of an infection caused by bacteria. They target microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and parasites. However, they are not effective against viruses.
According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), antibiotic overuse is one of the factors that contributes towards the growing number of bacterial infections which are becoming resistant to antibacterial medications.
Antibiotics generally are safe, but it is important to watch for side effects. Common side effects include; nausea, bloating and indigestion, diarrhea and stomach pain. In women, antibiotics can lead to vaginal yeast infections. Some minor side effects may be difficult to avoid, but if they are more severe, discuss them with your doctor. However, some people may have an allergic reaction to antibiotic, especially Penicillins and a type called Cephalosporins. In very rare cases, this can lead to a serious allergic reaction (Anaphylaxis) which is a medical emergency.
- Unnecessary antibiotics do more harm than good
The bacteria become resistant to drugs over time, making it harder to treat them. In rare cases, this leads to deadly drug-resistant bacterial infections.
- Does antibiotic cure everything?
The answer is a NO. They do not work against illnesses or infections that are caused by a virus such as; Common colds, runny nose, most ear infections, influenza (flu), most acute bronchitis e.t.c.
- Take antibiotics as prescribed.
It is important that antibiotics are prescribed and taken correctly to help prevent the progression of antibiotic resistance. Hence avoid self-medication.
You might therefore need to take some medical advice before you take that next dose of antibiotics. The greatest wealth is health ! Stay healthy always.
- National Health insurance; Antibiotics www.nhs.uk.com/antibiotics
2.World Health Organisation; Drug Resistance www.who.int/drug-resistance