How HIV can be prevented with drugs

How HIV can be prevented with Medications.

 HIV is no more a stranger to the planet earth, since the start of the epidemic, an estimated 78 million people have become infected with HIV and 35 million people have died of AIDS-related illnesses. In 2015, an estimated 36.7 million people were living with HIV (including 1.8 million children) putting the global HIV prevalence of 0.8%. The vast majority of this number live in low- and middle- income countries.

So many people are now aware about HIV, but not so many are well aware about the current trends and advancement in the treatment of this epidemic.

The 2016 World AIDS Day focuses on HIV prevention with the theme “Hands up for #HIV Prevention”.

The ABC of HIV prevention as you may already know is Abstinence, Be faithful to one partner, Condom use.

Studies have shown that if you are not already infected with HIV, taking antiretroviral medicines can also protect you against HIV especially if you are at high risk. This formed the basis for the Post Exposure prophylaxis therapy (PEP) and the recent Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) treatment. 

While PEP has been around for a while though used more for occupational hazards and cases of rape, PrEP is a newly adopted approach which has been found to reduce significantly the chances of being infected with the virus if you get exposed to it.

You are strongly advised not to rely on PEP/PrEP therapy as a form of prevention from getting HIV rather ensures you keep yourself protected as much as possible. 

Should you be exposed to a suspected/known source of HIV especially in cases of rape, blood splash, accidental use of drug injecting equipment (infected), e.t.c kindly seek immediate medical attention. Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) is a short course HIV treatment that can prevent you from getting the virus if taken within 72hours post exposure. The earlier, the better!!!!! 

Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) however is given to people who are at very high risk of contacting this virus. PrEP has been adopted by the Nigerian government and is available in most of the major health facilities. You should visit the nearest facility to you for more information.

 

TAKE NOTE:

1. HIV can be passed on through infected semen, vaginal fluids, rectal secretions, blood and breast milk.

2. You can’t get HIV through touching, hugging, shaking hands, sharing utensils, kissing, spitting, urine or faeces, biting, scratching or insect bites.

3. A woman can pass HIV onto her baby in the womb, during childbirth and from breastfeeding, however effective HIV medication reduces this risk very significantly.

4. HIV is not a death sentence, with right treatment and care, a person with HIV can live as long and healthy as someone who doesn’t have HIV.

 

ENSURE YOU KNOW YOUR STATUS SO YOU CAN MAKE INFORMED DECISIONS.

#WorldAIDSDay 2016, Hands up for #HIV Prevention!!!

REFERENCES

Global HIV and AIDS Statistics

www.avert.org

 

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