garden egg

Let me start this week’s article with this question. Is garden egg a fruit? Read on to know how eating eggplant can be of great benefit to you.

What is Garden Egg

Well, garden egg is classified as a vegetable (bet you thought it was a fruit). Its other names include eggplant, aubergine, guinea squash and brinjal.

Solanum melogena (botanical name for garden egg) is an edible and readily available vegetable with its numerous therapeutic benefits. Little wonder how big things come in small packages. The chemical constituents of garden egg which makes it what it is include;

Dietary fibre


Phenolic compounds (chlorogenic acid and nasunin)

Vitamins (vitamin B1(thiamine), vitamin B2(riboflavin), vitamin B3(niacin), vitamin B5(pantothenic acid), vitamin B6(pyridoxine),vitamin B9(folic acid), vitamin C(ascorbic acid), vitamin E and vitamin K

Minerals (calcium, iron, manganese, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus and zinc)

These constituents of the smallish greenish, purplish or whitish vegetable (depending on the variety of garden egg peculiar to your geographical region) accounts for its wonderful health benefits.



Vitamin E: Helps to keep the blood vessels healthy

Vitamin B3: Helps regulate cholesterol in the body by raising the high density lipid (good cholesterol) and lowering the low density lipid (bad cholesterol)

Vitamin B1, B2, B5, B6 and B9: Helps the heart function by lowering artery toxic homocysteine

Copper: Helps by lowering low density lipids; hence garden egg is an essential supplement for diseases like ischaemic heart disease and arteriosclerosis.

EYE: According to a study conducted by S.A Igwe, Dora Akunyuli and C.Ogbogu published in the 2003 issue of the Journal of Ethno-pharmacological on effects of garden egg on some visual functions of visually active igbos of Nigeria; it was found that eating plenty garden eggs can help lower eye pressure in persons with glaucoma (Ify Halim, September 2015).

BRAIN: Vitamin B1 and the phenolic compounds: Help ensure smooth functioning of the brain and help improve memory and concentration by strengthening the nerves. They increase blood flow to the brain thus improving cognitive function.

LIVER AND GALL BLADDER FUNCTION: Chlorogenic acid: Helps the flow of bile and thus reduces the adverse effects of bile stagnation.

COLON: Dietary fibre and water content: Helps treat constipation because of its relatively high fibre and moisture content thus ensuring ease in passage of bowel contents.

Well, we have heard a lot about garden eggs. But before I run off for the week, I would give these pieces of advice:

garden egg

  • Ensure garden eggs are properly washed before eating raw.
  • Thorough mastication will help you get significant benefits of the constituent in the tiny veggie.
  • If you must cook your garden egg before consumption, avoid excessive heat because the vitamins in the garden egg will be denatured.
  • Study reveals that garden eggs when cooked in oil absorb more fat and thus would contain more calories. So, if possible you could reduce the frying of garden eggs.

Let’s stop here this week; do have a lovely week as you anticipate next week’s article; it promises to be interesting.




  • Auta R & Ali.I (2011) Nutritional and Chemical Evaluation Of  Solanumincanum (bitter garden egg) International Journal Of Tropical Medicine Public Health 96-107
  • L et al (2007) Flavonid Intake and Cognitive Decline Over A 10-year Period

American Journal Of Epidemiology 1364-1371


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