What You Should Know About Ear Ache

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Ear aches is a pain felt either at the external or middle part of the ear. It could be very worst at night, especially when there is no doctor or health professional close by.
There two types of ear ache; Otitis media and otitis externa. Otitis media involve pains in the middle ear while externa is pain in the outer ear.

“PAY CLOSE ATTENTION”

Plugged Eustachian tubes (when lead from the back of the throat to the middle ear) are the most common cause of earaches for children and adults explained by Dudley J. Weider MD an otolaryngologist at Dartmouth Medical Centre in Hanover.
During the day when you head is high up, Eustachian tube drains naturally into the back of the throat and as you chew and swallow, the air passes freely into the middle ear, but at night when all these are not done, it makes it difficult and pain sets in fully and could make an adult cry like a toddler.

ear disorderAre you wondering as to how this small tiny part of the human body command so much respect when it comes to discomfort in the body part of human being? The reason is not far-fetched, for the fact that the ear provides many linkages that has their openings to virtual or human organ present in the head and neck region of the human body.

“Cause of ear ache

It has been observed that the season of cold and rains; there has always been several complain by patients and which produce several other uncomfortable signs in the body.
Symptoms of earache (middle ear)
1. Ear pains
2. Fever
3. Drainage from the ear (occurs from a ruptured ear drum)
4. Pressure in the ear
5. Hearing loss
6. Balance problem

Outer ear
1. Ear pain
2. Ear discharge
3. Ear itching
4. Ear sensitive to pressure
5. Earlobe sensitive to touch
6. Reduced hearing – only in some cases
7. Nasal discharge is uncommon
8. Fever is uncommon

 

What can originally increase the incidence of ear aches?

Age: Children ages 3 years and younger are most likely to get ear infections. Also, young children get more colds and other upper respiratory infections. Most children have at least one ear infection before they are 7 years old.

Birth defects or other medical conditions: Babies with cleft palate or Down syndrome are more likely to get ear infections.
Weakened immune system: Children with severely impaired immune systems have more ear infections than healthy children.
Family history: Children are more likely to have repeat middle ear infections if a parent or sibling had repeat ear infections.
Allergies: Allergies cause long-term stuffiness in the nose that can block one or both Eustachian tubes, which connect the back of the nose and throat with the middle ears, this blockage can cause fluid to build up in the middle ear.

Other conditions that can suddenly cause ear aches
Sinus infections: The presence of microorganisms like streptococcus pneumonia, Hemophilus influenza, Pseudomonas and Moraxella could be responsible for infection in otitis media and externa
Repeat colds and upper respiratory infections: Most ear infections develop from these illnesses.
Exposure to cigarette smoke: Babies who are around cigarette smoke are more likely to have ear infections than babies who are not. Also, ear infections seem to last longer in babies who are near cigarette smoke.
Bottle-feeding: Bottle-fed babies are more likely to develop ear infections within the first year of life than babies who are breast-fed. Also, bottle-fed babies may be more likely to get ear infections if they drink their bottles lying down rather than being held in an upright position.
Child care centers: Children, who are around many other children, such as in child care centers, are more likely to have repeat ear infections.

Techniques in overcoming ear aches

  • Sit up, at any episode of the ear pain, a few minutes upright will decrease swelling and ear acheyour Eustachian tube draining. If you can prop up your head slightly while you sleep to get a better drainage.
    Turn on an air dryer, keeping an air dryer at 18 to 20 inches from your ear could help to warm up the air entering and therefore reduce.
    • Yawn regularly, yawning moves the muscle that opens the Eustachian tube giving you a warm relieve.
    • Chew a wad of gum, these one of the best way to open the ear in aeroplane.
    • Use a pain killer, before visiting a pharmacist or doctor.
    • Don’t sleep during an airplane descent.
    • Use an over-the-counter decongestant.
    • Apply ear drops. Doctors often suggest ear drops for earache pain. But don’t use ear drops without a pharmacist or doctor’s advice, especially if your child has tubes in his or her ears.
  • Also see a qualified health professional for further treatment and counseling. 

 

References
The Doctors book of home remedies
Editors of Prevention Magazine Health Books
Debora Tkac
Mayo Clinic
Otitis media
www.mayoclinic.com
Otitis media and otitis externa on Medicine Net
www.medicinenet.com
Otitis media and externa on right diagnosis.com
www.rightdiagnosis.com

Images from earclear.com.au and wikihow.com

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