It’s a basic fact that everyone on earth came through the union of two opposite sex beings; Male and Female. But this write-up is to get more knowledge and answer your questions on the need to use contraceptive before or after sex.
According to the World Health Organisation (W.H.O), Contraceptive use has increased in many parts of the world, especially in Asia and Latin America, but continues to be low in sub-Saharan Africa. Globally, use of modern contraception has risen slightly, from 54% in 1990 to 57.4% in 2014. Regionally, the proportion of women aged 15–49 reporting use of a modern contraceptive method has risen minimally or plateaued between 2008 and 2014. In Africa it went from 23.6% to 27.6%, in Asia it has risen slightly from 60.9% to 61.6%, and in Latin America and the Caribbean it rose slightly from 66.7% to 67.0%
What do we mean by the use of contraceptives?
The use of contraceptive is a deliberate use of artificial methods to prevent pregnancy as a consequence of sexual intercourse.
Why do you need to take contraceptives?
- It help to reduce adolescent pregnancy
- To prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS
- The use of contraceptives also help to prevent the deaths of mother and child
- Pregnancy related health risk is also prevented in mothers
- It finally reinforce people’s right to determine the number and spacing of their children
What are the methods of contraception?
- Barrier methods
- Fertility awareness
- Hormonal contraceptives
- Long acting reversible contraceptives
- Permanent contraceptives
- Emergency contraception
These are the available ones in developing countries but we shall explain them one after the other.
- Barrier methods. It method is to stop sperm from entering the vagina. The three main barrier methods of contraception are male condoms, female condoms and diaphragms.Condoms protect against sexually transmissible infections (STIs) as well as unwanted pregnancy.
A diaphragm (with spermicide) is inserted into a woman’s vagina before intercourse. It must always be used with spermicide.
- Fertility awareness.It involves recognizing the signs of fertility in a woman’s menstrual cycle. It can be used to understand your own menstrual cycle, plan a pregnancy or avoid a pregnancy.
- Hormonal contraceptives. This includes pills and other injections that are employed for contraception. Combined oral contraceptives pill and Progesterone only contraceptive pill are the two types that are available. They are taken daily and are 99% effective for preventing pregnancy.
The Depo Provera injection and vaginal rings are other forms of hormonal contraception. These injections last three months and the vaginal ring are changed every month.
- Long acting reversible contraceptives. These contraceptives last for a long time. You don’t need to remember it every day or even every month. An intrauterine devices (IUD) that lasts five or more years as well as implants under the skin that lasts either three or five year are the common long acting methods available. These types of contraception last longer so are more effective at preventing pregnancy because you don’t have to worry about forgetting pills or a condom breaking or coming off.
- Permanent contraception. This concept is sterilization that permanently prevents pregnancy. The procedure for men is a vasectomy and for women it is tubal ligation.
- Emergency contraception. This is used to prevent pregnancy after you have had sex when:
- you haven’t used protection
- your normal contraception fails e.g. condom splits
- you have missed more than one contraceptive pill
- you have been vomiting or had diarrhoea while on the pill
- you have missed your injection
- you have been forced to have sex without contraception.
Ensure you visit a midwife or any trained healthcare personnel for further counseling on the choice of contraceptives that will be good for you.
Enjoy contraception and enjoy life with good health…To be continued..
- World Health Organization (WHO)
Family planning and contraception
- Contraception method
New Zealand Family planning