Have you ever had experience of sitting close to someone in a bus and foul smell oozes out from him/her? Or have you ever been in an interview room with a person with bad odour oozing out from him/her? It could be one of two things –halitosis (bad breath) or bromhidrosis (body odour). After a long and hard day’s (physical, psychological, or mental) work, our bodies produce sweat or sometimes under a hot weather, sweat production is inevitable.
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF BODY ODOUR
Whenever there is hot weather and the body temperature increases, the body regulates this temperature by producing sweat to make the internal body environment have a cooling effect –homeostasis. Sweat produced under any circumstance release odor in some people. This odour is caused by bacteria. Normally, sweat is odorless, however some bacteria that inhabit the skin mix with this sweat and proliferate; this release the smell perceived.
The sweat produced in our bodies is formed in the sweat gland and there are two types of sweat glands in the inner (dermal) layer of the skin –eccrine, and apocrine glands. The apocrine glands are those found on your exposed skin and produce sweat with high salt content. This makes it a highly concentrated environment for bacteria to function properly. The apocrine glands are located in areas that have lots of hair follicles such as the axilla (ampit), groin, gentinals, breasts (they secrete fat droplets into the breast milk) eyelids, ear (they form earwax), and nostrils (they give to formation of mucus). Apocrine glands are responsible for body odour because the sweat they produce is high in protein which bacteria can breakdown easily. The bacteria feed on the sweat from apocrine glands (never eccrine) and dead cells of skin and hair releasing trans-3-methyl-2-hexenoic acid in their waste, which is the primary cause of body odour. The sweatiest areas of the body are usually the smelliest and one of the bacteria responsible for this odor is Micrococcus sedentarius. This microbe inhabits those smelly areas and produces sticky acid and sulfur which further contribute to the smell.
CAUSES OF BODY ODOUR
- Individuals with persistent perspiration especially those who engage in labor jobs.
- Poor hygiene –of your body and clothes your wear
TIPS TO AVOID BODY ODOUR
Rather than wear toxic deodorants (those containing chemicals that could be carcinogenic, or cause hormonal imbalance), you should try natural ways to combat body odor and smell good.
- Maintain good hygiene by bathing everyday with antibacterial-based soap and wash your clothing regularly
- Reduce stress
- Avoid foods that increase body odor
With homemade deodorants you assured of outstanding results and safety from the effects of your over-the-counter deodorants where some contain chemicals that are carcinogenic. Also, you guaranteed an odour-free day.
Shea Butter Deodorant Ingredients
½ cup coconut oil
5 Tablespoon baking soda
2 Tablespoon shea butter
2 tablespoon arrowroot
60 drops of lavender/lemon/sage oil
Put coconut oil in a bowl, mix in baking soda add she butter and lavender (or any essential) oil. Mix thoroughly. Store in a glass jar or any suitable container and store in a cool place. To apply, dab with finger and roll underarms. Wait a couple of minutes before contact with fabric. For best result, use twice daily.
Grape Fruit Deodorant
¼ cup grape juice
2 Tablespoon Aloe
2 Tablespoon Sage oil
2 Tablespoon Zincoxide (neutralizes odour by converting the smells released by bacteria into odorless zinc salts)
60 drops of Bergamot/cypress/rosemary oil
Put grape juice in a bowl and add sage. Add aloe and zincoxide and bergamot (or any essential) oil. Mix together and store in a cool place.
¼ cup Kaolin clay
2 Tablespoon Chamomile oil (has antiseptic properties)
1 teaspoon Ginger
2 Tablespoon coconut oil
2 Tablespoon Lemon juice
Rosemary oil (or any essential oil)
Essential oils come with different fragrances. Scent recommended for women include lemon, sage, lavender oils. For men, cypress, rosemary, and bergamot oils; best recommended. You can choose to mix one from each category.
Your odour is what you reflect,, always smell nice every day
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