CARING FOR YOUR NAILS
Hello friends, as small and as irrelevant your nails maybe, their influence cannot be over-emphasized. Taking good care of your nails is expedient. It is important to maintain strong and healthy nails. This starts from the way you generally take care of your health.
The nail starts developing from the ninth week of fertilization and by the thirteenth week, the nail area is well-defined. The nail contains certain protein called keratin and it extends from the cuticle to or beyond the fingertip.
Healthy nails are smooth, uniform in color and consistency and free from discoloration or spots. Please consult your dermatologist if you notice any changes in your nails.
There are some measures you need to take to keep strong and healthy nails.
1. Keep your nails clean and dry–dirt and dusts constitute a large percentage of how unclean your nails might be so you need to regularly wash your hands. However, continuous exposure of your hands to moisture can increase chances of habituating micro-organisms in your nails and other areas of your hands.
2. Use clean and germ-free manicure sets –always clean your manicure sets before and after use; store in a cool and dry environment (moisture free) so you don’t infect yourself with microbes when you trim or cut your nails. Try not to share your instruments with anyone and peradventure you need to use someone else, sterilize them properly by rinsing with ethyl alcohol or mentholated spirit before use; also sterilize with same after use for when anyone use yours.
3. Moisturize your hands –keep your hands moisturized with lotion and other skin moisturizers and make sure you rub your fingernails and cuticles too. Do this as often as possible.
4. Apply nail hardener –nail hardener can help strengthen your nails.
5. Eat Food Rich in Biotin –biotin is a vitamin that is strongly indicated in the help to strengthen weak and brittle nails. As other vitamins, biotin is found richly in many foods including dairy, egg, carrot, legumes, peanut butter, nuts, avocados, almond, yeast, vegetables and fruits.
To prevent nail damage, please follow these steps.
- Prevent use of harsh nail care products e.g. acetone nail polish remover
- Stop biting your fingernails
- Stop pulling off hard nails
- Don’t ignore any problem you observe on your nails
- Some people react to artificial nails thereby forming discoloration on the nails. This makes your natural nails look unattractive, stop its use if you are in this category.
Infections transmitted if tools for your nails are not properly sterilized especially when you visit the salon for your manicure and pedicure sessions.
There are various injuries to the nail including traumatic, crush, avulsion, lactogenic and self-inflicted.
Injuries to the Nails
Avulsion –this injury can occur from crush like in heavy machines. It is a form of grinding injury which completely removes the nail and expose the nail bed.
Traumatic Injuries –a sharp object may cut or penetrate through the nail from its tip or even the cuticle and this usually results in hemorrhage and an eventual removal of the nail.
Crush –sublingual hematoma results from this form of injury where the nail bed compresses between the lower and the middle metacarpals (bones of the finger).
Lactogenic –surgical procedures is necessary on the nails to remove it after exposure to trauma due to fracture. This exposes the nail bed. However the nail will grow back to its natural form and look gradually and this applies to the above injuries as well.
The fingernails and toenails form a significant part of your beauty, take proper care of them.