Acne and Pimples are conditions which could make one lose one’s self-confidence and affect one emotionally. I want to enlighten and broaden your knowledge more on this dreaded skin conditions today
Your skin has tiny holes called pores which can become blocked by oil, bacteria, dead skin cells and dirt. When this occurs, you may develop a Pimple or Zit. If your skin is repeatedly affected by this condition you may have Acne.
It is the most common skin condition although it is not a life-threatening condition but it can be painful particularly when it’s severe. It can also cause emotional distress. Acne that appears on the face can impact your self –esteem and over time may cause permanent physical scarring.
It can be found almost anywhere on your body but mostly developed on the face, back, neck, chest, and shoulder. If you have acne, you will typically notice pimples that are black or white in appearance. Both Blackheads and Whiteheads are known as COMEDONES. Blackheads open at the surface of your skin, giving them black appearance due to the effect of oxygen in the air. Whiteheads are closed just under the surface of your skin giving them a white appearance. Whiteheads and Blackheads are the most common lesions seen in acne.
CAUSES OF ACNE
It can occur when the pores on the skin become blocked with oil, dead skin or bacteria. Each pore on your skin is the opening to a follicle. The follicle is made of a hair and sebaceous (oil) gland. The oil gland releases sebum (oil) which travels up the hair, out of the pore and onto your skin. The sebum keeps your skin lubricated and soft.
Can be caused by one or more problems in this lubrication process. Acne can occur when:
- Too much oil is produced by your follicles
- Dead skin cells accumulate in your pores
- Bacteria builds up in your pores
Myths about what contributes to acne are quite common. Many people believe that foods such as chocolates or French fries will contribute to acne. While there is no scientific support for these claims, there are certain risk factors for developing acne. These includes:
- Hormonal changes caused by puberty or pregnancy
- Certain medications such as birth control pill
- Having parents who had acne
- A diet high in redefined sugar or carbohydrates such as bread and chips.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ACNE AND PIMPLES
Acne is an inflammation of the skin in which the secreted sebum gets collected in the pores of the skin and gets trapped there. It usually has a whitehead and it is painful to touch but Pimples is a form of acne, it is generally milder than a full blown acne and its usually not painful unless it is too severe.
TYPES OF ACNE
They all start with plugged –up pores.
Blackheads and Whiteheads
Oil, dead skin cells and bacteria block pores and cause small bumps called Blackheads or Whiteheads. If a blocked pore stays open, it can look kind of black. This is called Blackheads. If a blocked pore closes up, the top of the bump looks whiter. It is called Whiteheads. Blackheads and Whiteheads are pretty easy to treat.
Papules and Pustules
Sometimes the pores get so irritated that their walls break. That causes bigger pimples that are called Papules and Pustules. Papules are hard when you touch them. Pustules are like papules except yellowish, liquid pus fill them like a blister. They are a little tougher to treat.
Nodules or Cysts
When blocked pores get more irritated they get ever bigger. They go deeper into the skin too. They can really hurt. Nodules are hard. Cysts have pus and are softer. After pimples go away, they might leave red or dark marks on the skin. These marks fades but might take few days, weeks or months. Sometimes they become permanent scars.
There are many effective treatments for acne that reduce the number of pimples on the body or the chances of scarring. In the next edition, we will be extensively explaining how acne can be properly treated with some Home-Made Mixtures. THANK YOU!