5 Non-drug treatment(s) for Pains and Inflammation


    Solution to pains

    Everybody get to feel pains at one point or the other. Some pains may need more therapy asides drugs to manage them effectively. Sometimes, the non-drug therapy may just be all you need to make that pain go away.

    Here are five non-drug therapy you can use to battle that pain

    1. Heat

    Heat provides temporary relief in subacute and chronic traumatic and inflammation disorders.

    Heat helps to reduce joint stiffness, pain and muscle spasm by increasing blood flow and extensibility of connective tissue.

    Heat also helps to relieve inflammation and exudate. Heat is useful in cases of sprains, strains, back pain, arthralgia, neuralgia and various forms of arthritis. Application of the heat could be superficial e.g infrared heat, hot packs, hydrotherapy etc) or deep e.g ultrasound.

    While using heat therapy, precautions must be taken to avoid burns.

    2. Cold

    Cold may help to relieve muscle spasm, acute low back pain, acute inflammation, traumatic pain, and may also help to induce some local anaethesia. The choice between heat and cold is often based on experience, when heat does not work, cold be applied.

    In cases of acute injury or pain, cold seems better than heat, cold therapy is usually used during the first few hours or the day after an injury.

    Cold be applied locally using an ice bag, a cold pack or volatile fluids (e.g ethyl chloride) which cools by evaporation. Avoid applying cold over poorly perfused areas and take care to avoid tissue damage and hypothermia.

    3. Massage

    Massage be considered for low back pain, arthritis, fibromyalgia, fibrositis, hemiplegia, paraplegia, quadriplegia, neuritis, bursitis, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and some cancers. Massage helps to mobilize contracted tissues, relieve pain, and reduce swelling and induration associated with trauma such as fracture, sprain, joint injury, bruise etc.

    Note that massage is not advised for patients with severe allergies because it causes histamine be released throughout the body.

    4. Acupuncture

    Acupuncture is sometimes used with other treatment to manage acute and chronic pain. It is one of the most widely accepted alternative therapies in the western world with origin in Chinese traditional medicine. Thin needles are inserted through the skin at specific body sites. Research has shown that acupuncture releases various neurotransmitters that act as natural pain-killer. Contraindicated in patients with severe bleeding disorders.

    5. Therapeutic exercise

    Therapeutic exercise refers to a range of physical activities that helps restore and build physical strength, endurance, flexibility, balance, and stability with the goal of returning an injured person to a pain-free, fully functioning state. Therapeutic exercise managed by a physical therapist, who assesses the patient to decide the proper treatment plan. Your therapist will know the exercise best suited for your kind of pain.



    1. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy

    Nineteenth Edition.

    2. Therapeutic Exercise





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